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Basic Parts of a Sentence

Let us first look at the basic parts of a sentence: the subject, the verb, and the object. A subject refers to the person or thing that does something in the sentence. You can usually find the subject near the start of the sentence.

A verb is the word in the sentence that expresses an action. In other words the verb is the “doing-word” in the sentence.

An object is the person or thing that receives the action described by the verb, and is found after the verb in a sentence .



Basic Parts of a Sentence.
OK, now that we have explained the basic parts of a sentence, let us look at the basic word order in an English sentence.

The correct English word order is Subject - Verb - Object.

Here are some examples of the correct use of subjects, verbs, and objects in a sentence: In the sentence “She studies science”, the subject is “she”, the verb is “studies” and the object is “science”. Similarly, in the sentence “Mark drove a car”, the subject is “Mark”, the verb is “drove” and the object is “car”.


An important point to remember
An important point to remember though is that not all sentences require an object to be complete. A sentence can for example only have a subject and a verb. An example of this is “Ian reads”. In this sentence “Ian” is the subject and “reads” is the verb, but there is no object.

You can also use descriptive words such as adjectives or adverbs to expand your sentences. Adjectives add further details about a noun, while adverbs add extra details about the verb. For example, in the sentence “Roses are red”, the word red is an adjective because it adds further detail about the noun “roses”.
An example sentence that includes an adverb is: “He reads quickly”. In this sentence the word “quickly” adds further details to the verb “reads” .



Improve English Speaking

Adjectives add further details about a noun, while adverbs add extra details about the verb.

So, in summary, there are four basic sentence patterns in English:

Subject - Verb - Object,
for example “The professor talked to the class” Here the subject is the professor, the verb is talked, and the object is the class.

Subject - Verb,
for example “The professor talked”. In this example the professor is the subject and “talked” is the verb, but there is no object in the sentence.

Subject - Verb - Adjective,
for example “The professor was talkative”. In this example the professor is the subject and the word “was” is the verb. Talkative is a word to describe the professor, so it is an adjective.

Subject - Verb - Adverb,
for example “The professor talked quickly”.
In this example the professor is the subject and talked is the verb. Quickly is used to describe the verb “talked”, so it is an adverb.
So these are the four basic sentence patterns in English. .


Subject - Verb - Object